RIGHTS AND STATUS OF ALIENS
Temporary Residence Permit
Aliens, who wish to enter and reside in the Republic of Slovenia for any reason other that that defined in their entry visa, must obtain a residence permit issued by the Republic of Slovenia before entering Slovenia.
The initial permit allowing an alien to reside in the Republic of Slovenia, can only be issued as a temporary residence permit. An application for the issuing of the first temporary residence permit must be lodged at the Embassy or Consulate of the Republic of Slovenia, which then submits the application to the competent administrative body in Slovenia. The first temporary residence permit must be obtained before entering Slovenia, except in exceptional circumstances prescribed by law.
Apart from meeting certain basic requirements, aliens applying for the temporary residence permit must also fulfil other conditions, which depend on their purpose of residence in Slovenia.
Permanent Residence Permit
Conditions for obtaining a permanent residence permit include a five-year continuous residence in the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of a temporary residence permit or a certificate attesting to the filing of an application for the renewal or acquisition of a subsequent temporary residence permit and the fulfilment of conditions required for issuing the first residence permit.
The condition regarding the five-year continuous residence shall also be fulfilled if the alien has been absent from the Republic of Slovenia and if the temporary residence permit or a certificate attesting to the filing of an application or the issuing of a subsequent temporary residence permit was not issued to him or her, provided that the absence in the five year period was less than six consecutive months and not more than ten months in total.
Work permits are normally issued upon an application lodged by employers, while the basic precondition for the issuing of work permits is related to the current situation on the labour market or, in other words, the lack of appropriate Slovene candidates.
In specific cases expressly prescribed by law, the issuing of a work permit may also be requested by aliens themselves. The work permit is closely linked to the status of the alien concerned or to the nature of his or her work, and does not depend on the situation on the labour market. There are different types of work permits: personal work permit with the validity of one year, personal work permit with the validity of three years, employment permit (or sponsor licence) and authorisation for work.